Rank/Name: S/L E.L. Archer
Date of Award: 29/07/1945

S/Ldr ARCHER, Ernest Leonard

Known awards: DSO,OBE,AFC,S3945,ACES.g,DM,WM2+MID,AEA,LB5+zp,BOK.p,VK

Vliegerkruis - Flying Cross - Royal Decree no. 29 of 31 July 1945 ; award presented by H.R.H. Prince Bernhard of The Netherlands in The Netherlands House at 21 February 1946 Squadron Leader (78738), Royal Air Force, no. 296 Squadron.

For: Distinguished himself during the operations near Arnhem from September 17 to 25, 1944, by deeds of initiative, courage and perseverance and showing, in every respect, an uncommon devotion to duty and a great tenacity of purpose.

The orignal recommendation, for a Bronze Cross, reads as follows: S/Ldr.ARCHER completed his 60th and 61st operations by leading his flight to ARNHEM on two occassions. His untiring energy was undoubtedly a main factor in the success of our part of Operation "MARKET", made complicated by the necessity of using an advanced base.

His record of operation sorties would be difficult to equal - he was a member of 59 Squadron, employed during the British invasion scare, in day and night bombing of the Channel ports. His Squadron was practically annihilated.

After a period of Staff work he came to 38 Group, and took part successfully in the invasion of Normandy. He was also successful in numerous flights with arms and ammunitions for the Maquis.

His zeal and ability throughout all this period , during which he was also engaged in helping to train two British Airborne Divisions, has been an inspiration to his flight, and a mainstay to his Squadron Commander.


I feel that this Officer's record of service strongly deserves recognition.

(signed) T.C. MUSGROVE
Rank W/Cdr.

Date 21st October 1944.

S/Ldr.Archer has displayed great gallantry and devotion to duty at all times. His work during the ARNHEM operation was typical of his enthusian and skill and I strongly recommend him for the Dutch Bronze Cross.

(signed) S.S. BERTRAM
RANK Group Captain.

Date...21st October 1944.

Source: VK p. 164,168-171,178,228


Source: London Gazette